CSC 161 Grinnell College Fall, 2014
 
Imperative Problem Solving and Data Structures
 
 

Laboratory Exercise on Elementary C Programming

Introduction

This laboratory exercise provides practice with basic elements of writing, editing, compiling, and running programs written in the C programming language. This will use the quarts.c program, complete with annotations.

Class Preparation before Class

Work Started in Class

Introduction to the Emacs Editor

Open a terminal window and move to your labs subdirectory within your csc161 subdirectory:

cd csc161
cd labs
  1. Working within a terminal window, start emacs.
    Starting at your home directory, use these commands:

       cd csc161
       cd labs
       emacs quarts.c &
    
  2. Use the links for the reading (the quarts.c program) to open the program quarts.c in your browser. Then copy and paste it into the emacs window.

Compiling and Running

  1. Compile and run the program in your terminal window by typing:

       gcc -o quarts  quarts.c
       ./quarts
    
  2. Run the program several more times by typing just ./quarts. (You need not compile the program each time — unless you have changed quarts.c.)

Experimenting with Compiling

  1. Make the following typographical errors in quarts.c, recompile, and observe what, if anything, happens.
    In each case, check whether the program compiles, and whether the program runs. If the program does not compile, what happens if you try to run quarts?

    • Type a few characters into your program BEFORE any of the code.

    • Type a few characters into your program AFTER the code.

    • Type some extra words inside of your main method.

    • Misspell your variables.

    • Misspell your printed output.

    • Misspell the name of your main() method.

    • Misspell the name of the included library.

Homework

Writing Your Own Program

  1. Write a C program that uses values for pints, quarts, and gallons and determines the corresponding number of liters. For example, your program might compute the number of liters corresponding to 3 gallons, 2 quarts, and 1 pint (i.e., 14.5 quarts total).

    To organize this program, begin by declaring pints and gallons as variables in addition to quarts and liters in the existing program. Next, assign values to these variables, such as:

       gallons = 3;
       quarts = 2;
       pints = 1;
    

    In computing the total value of liters, one approach would be to compute the total number of quarts from pints, quarts, and gallons (possibly using another variable, such as total_quarts). From this total_quarts, you could compute the total number of liters.

    In computing the total number of quarts, you should use 4 quarts per gallon and 2 pints per quart. (Be sure that 3 gallons (given in the example above) translates to 12 quarts, not 3/4 or 0.75 quarts.)

    You should reference the annotations on quarts.c to properly print out your output.

  2. Although you can name this new program whatever you like, you should end the file name with .c for two reasons:

    • You can identify the C programs quickly when you list files in your directory with the ls command.

    • emacs recognizes the .c extension as indicating a C program, and emacs adjusts its setting to aid your editing for that type of file.

Writing More C

  1. Write a C program that uses a value for the radius of a circle and computes the circle's area and circumference.

Optional Activity: Experimenting with emacs

  1. Experiment with the emacs editor, following the lab on the Emacs Text Editor by Marge Coahran.

Feedback Welcome

Development of laboratory exercises is an iterative process. Prof. Walker welcomes your feedback! Feel free to talk to him during class or stop by his office.